Kurt Günther

(1893 - 1955)

Alongside Otto Dix, who was his friend, Kurt Günther is regarded to be the most important representative of socially critical realism and New Objectivity in Thuringia. But even though both were stylistically united by a verism of the highest quality, Dix and Günther certainly had very different drives for their artistic expression. While Dix draws an aggressively brutal portrait of the Weimar Republic with all its ambivalences, Günther's artistic center lies in the confrontation with the opposite sex. As a libidinous being he is captivated by the woman. In the depiction of the female body he finds an expression for his inner attitude, which, in contrast to Dix, is turned towards life with all its contradictions. (ED)

Vita

1893
born in Gera
1909
training as a lithographer in his father's business, private drawing lessons
1910 - 1913
studies at the Akademie für graphische Künste und Buchgewerbe Leipzig (today HGB), discontinuation due to severe nervous illness
1913
studies at the Dresden School of Arts and Crafts
1914
change to Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Dresden
1914 - 1917
military service, discharge due to pulmonary tuberculosis
1919
due to health problems in Davos, Switzerland, meets Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
continues studies in Dresden, friendship with Otto Dix
1920
member of the Dresden Dada-Group
1921
leaves academy, stays in Prague, marries painter Viola Schulhoff, divorces in 1924
1926
sanatorium stay due to lung disease
co-founder of the late dadaist association "pro - pro - bru"
1927
chairmanship of the Artists' Association of Thuringia
1928
purchases by the city of Gera
1929 - 1930
stay in Paris, nude studies at Academy de la Grande Chaumiere
1932
marriage to Maria Fock
1937
defamation through exhibition "Degenerate Art"
1945
working as a primary school teacher
1946
appointment as professor
1955
dies in Stadtroda, burial in Gera